Friday, May 22, 2020
There are several great leaders in the Old Testament of the Bible. However, there are some that deserve additional respect, and there are others that do not even have the great appearance or qualifications of a leader. Just as there are leaders such as these, a person that is related to both of these types of leaders is our Savior, Jesus Christ. The Old Testament leaders of the Bible that deserve further respect or do not have the greatest appearances or qualifications of a leader are easily compared and contrasted to Jesus s life and ministry. Jesus life and ministry can be compared and contrasted to leaders of the Old Testament in the Bible that are highly underestimated. One example of a leader who deserves a newfound respect Old Testament leader is Queen Esther, who was once a poor Jew, was crowned queen when King Ahsaurerus married her. The second in command of the King, Haman, underestimated Esther, as he did not realize she was a Jew, and tried to kill every Jew that lived in their country. Esther knew she needed to save her people so she revealed this plot to the king and said in Esther 7:3, If I have found favor in your site, O king, and if it please the king, let my life be granted me for my wish, and my people my request.1 This bold statement is Esther basically saying that she would give up her life in exchange for her people. This example is an excellent one of a great leader who deserves a far greater respect than she deserves because Esther had the powerShow MoreRelatedThe Old Testament Of The Bible1238 Word s Ã |Ã 5 PagesThere are many great leaders in the Old Testament of the Bible. However, there are some that deserve far more respect than others, and there are others that do not even have the great appearance or qualifications of a leader. Just as there are leaders such as these, a person that is related to both of these types of leaders is our Savior, Jesus Christ. The Old Testament leaders of the Bible that deserve more respect or do not have the greatest appearances or qualifications of a leader are easilyRead MoreThe Old Testament Of The Bible1608 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Dating back to biblical times, criminological behavior has always been part of humanity. The old testament in Christian bibles is a book composed of stories and recollections dating to an era before the existence of Christ. Though the bible does not include words such as Ã¢â¬Å"suspect, crime, criminal, or victimÃ¢â¬ there are concepts and descriptions used to describe such a person or behaviors. As the human race develops through time, advancements in criminology emerge and a better understanding of victimsRead MoreThe Old Testament Of The Holy Bible Essay1205 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Found in The Old Testament of the Holy Bible is a variety of teaching of Hebrew wisdom. I find Proverbs and Ecclesiastes to lend much instruction to the subject of diligence and laziness. The Hebrew teaching is quick to point out that diligence leads to wisdom and laziness is folly. Choices in life and sinful behavior ends up in disastrous circumstances. In the essence of (The Essence of the Old Test ament) Hebrew wisdom literature teaches us how to make good decisions in life, but also how to makeRead MoreThe Bible : The Old And New Testaments2631 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesIntroduction When it comes to themes that span the whole Bible, there are none nearly as prominent as covenant. Apart from anything else, its importance is seen in the designation we give to the two parts of the Christian Bible Ã¢â¬â the Old and New testaments, or covenants. The word itself occurs over 300 times in English translations of the Bible. Beyond the use of words, the biblical story itself can be seen as a series of covenants that God makes and renews with his people, binding him and themRead MoreOld Testament Bible Dictionary Project1024 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBIBLE DICTIONARY PROJECT Tania Clark L28322086 BIBL 104: B51 10/01/2016 Old Testament Bible Dictionary Project: Ruth The book of Ruth is a book about sacrifice, faith, patience, love, kindness, restoration, and fruitfulness. The basic literary is narrative and the authorship is believed to be Samuel written between 1020 Ã¢â¬â 1000 BC. The main personalities of this book are Ruth, Naomi, and Boaz. The Book of Ruth is about how a man named Elimelech takes his wife Naomi and their two sons Mahlon andRead More History of the Old Testament of the Bible Essay3002 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pages Studying the Old Testament is not as straightforward as some may think. Being able to recall stories of the Bible does not necessarily mean you have a thorough grasp on the history of Israel and the surrounding nations. Some people read and discuss the Bible without a solid understanding of the history and social issues that were going on at the time. Being able to relate to the stories in the Bible and struggle with some of the same problems faced by the people in the Bible gives you a greaterRead MoreThe Chris tian Old Testament Of The Bible Today1754 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesbegins the first book of the Christian Old Testament, the Hebrew Torah, one of the most recognizable texts in history. At least, the text begins the King James Bible in 1611, itself arguably the most influential version or translation of the Bible today. But this is not the original text. Surprisingly, the original scripture was not written in Early Modern English in the 17th century in the British Isles, but in Hebrew and possibly Aramaic, while the New Testament was written in Koine Greek. In factRead MoreEssay on The Bible Story: The Old Testament2039 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesto God than is found in other sections, as well as building on the hope fermented in the prophets of a future messiah . Throughout all these sections of the Hebrew Bible, the Law, Prophecy and Writings, there is a continual referring back to a selection of formational stories, expressed primarily in the first five books of the bible. These stories are known as part of the Ã¢â¬ËFoundational MythÃ¢â¬â¢ genre and include the stories of Creation, Patriarchs, Exodus and the Promised Land. This genre acts toRead MoreBible 104 Old Testament Bible Dictionary Project794 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBible Dictionary Project Template Name: Randy Westover Student ID: L26485458 Course: Bible 104 Date: 10/13/2014 Old Testament Bible Dictionary Project: Romans: Romans is a letter from Paul to the church of Rome. Paul had not ever been tovisit this church but had met some of the members in his travels. I tells of his plan to visit the church. He wrote this letter durning his third missionary trip in 57 A.D. In this letter he explains that GodÃ¢â¬â¢s sa,vation plan is for everyone, JewsRead MoreThe King James Bible : Old And New Testament1637 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages The King James Bible (Old and New Testament) 13) The Creation of the World; the Garden of Eden; Adam and Eve; Original Sin; the Fall The beginning of the Old Testament starts by explaining how God created everything within seven days. He creates night and day, the sky and the ocean, vegetation, the stars, sun and moon, sea creatures, land creatures, and for the seventh day he rests. The Garden of Eden was the paradise where man once lived until Adam and Eve ate the forbidden fruit thus creating
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
The University of Portland is a private Catholic university with an acceptance rate of 75 percent. Founded in 1901, Portland is affiliated with the Congregation of the Holy Cross. The University of Portland frequently ranks among the nationsÃ top Catholic universities. The school has a 12-to-1Ã student/faculty ratio. Nursing, engineering, and business fields are all popular among undergraduates. In athletics, the Portland Pilots compete in the NCAA Division IÃ West Coast Conference. Considering applying to the University of Portland? Here are the admissions statistics you should know, including average SAT/ACT scores and GPAs of admitted students. Acceptance Rate During the 2017-18 admissions cycle, the University of Portland had an acceptance rate of 75 percent. This means that for every 100 students who applied, 75 students were admitted, making Portlands admissions process somewhat competitive. Ã¯ » ¿TitleAdmissions Process (2017-18)Caption(No Caption)Ã¯ » ¿ SAT Scores and Requirements The University of Portland requires that all applicants submit either SAT or ACT scores. During the 2017-18 admissions cycle, 76 percent of admitted students submitted SAT scores. SAT Range (Admitted Students) Section 25th Percentile 75th Percentile ERW 580 660 Math 560 660 ERW=Evidence-Based Reading and Writing For the evidence-based reading and writing section, 50 percent of students admitted to Portland scored between 580 and 660, while 25 percent scored below 580 and 25 percent scored above 660. In the math section, 50 percent of admitted students scored between 560 and 660, while 25 percent scored below 560, and 25 percent scored above 660. Applicants with a composite SAT score of 1320 or higher will have particularly competitive chances at the University of Portland. Requirements Portland does not require the SAT writing section or SAT Subject tests. Note that the University of Portland participates in the scorechoice program, which means that the admissions office will consider your highest score from each individual section across all SAT test dates. ACT Scores and Requirements The University of Portland requires that all applicants submit either SAT or ACT scores. During the 2017-18 admissions cycle, 44 percent of admitted students submitted ACT scores. This admissions data tells us that most of the University of Portlands admitted students fall within the top 31 percent nationally on the ACT. The middle 50 percent of students admitted to Portland received a composite ACT score between 23 and 28, while 25 percent scored above 28, and 25 percent scored below 23. Requirements Note that the University of Portland does not superscore ACT results. Your highest composite ACT score will be considered. Portland does not require the ACT writing section. GPA In 2018, the average high school GPA of the University of Portlands incoming freshmen class was 3.65, and 47 percent had average GPAs of 3.75 and above. These results suggest that most successful applicants to Portland have primarily A grades. Admissions Chances The University of Portland, which accepts three-quarters of applicants, has somewhat competitive admissions. However, Portland also has aÃ holistic admissionsÃ process and admissions decisions are based on much more than numbers. A strongÃ application essayÃ andÃ glowing letters of recommendationÃ can strengthen your application, as can participation in meaningfulÃ extracurricular activitiesÃ and aÃ rigorous course schedule. The university is looking for students who will contribute to the campus community in meaningful ways, not just students who show promise in the classroom. Students with particularly compelling stories or achievements can still receive serious consideration even if their grades and scores are outside of Portlands average range. The majority of students accepted to the University of Portland had GPAs of B or higher, SAT scores (ERWM) above 1100, and ACT composite scores of 22 or higher. A large number of successful applicants had A averages. If You Like the University of Portland, You May Also Like These Schools University of OregonUniversity of WashingtonUniversity of San FranciscoUniversity of Hawaii ManoaUniversity of San DiegoOregon State UniversityGonzaga University Sources Apply. University of Portland, Portland, Oregon. Get your acceptance chances for University of Portland. Cappex. National Norms for ACT Test Scores Reported During the 2019-2020 Reporting Year. ACT, Inc., 2019. University of Portland. College Navigator, National Center for Education Statistics.
Sunday, May 10, 2020
Animal rights is the idea that all animals are entitled to the possession of their own lives and that they are entitled to their most basic needs. The topic of animals rights has been discussed in occurrences of illegal hunting, domestic animal abuse, and testing on animals for any purposes. There are a vast variety of reasons for why to test on animals, whether they be cosmetic or scientific. The most argumentative topic regarding animal testing is medical testing. The community that complies with medical animal testing does so because testing on animals for medical reasons helps researchers find drugs and treatments, proves the safety of products, and it is regulated. Those who protest testing on animals argue that it is expensive,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Other scientists seeing this knowledgeable man use animal testing made it okay for others to follow his footsteps and test on animals as well. Opposition to animal testing, mainly animal vivisection, began in the late 1800s when a group of women in Florence led the first anti-vivisection in 1863. Later in 1876, England passed The Cruelty to Animals Act, that only permitted animal testing if it were in correlation with saving and or prolonging human life, all the while the animal had to be under anesthesia. Animal testing became very important in the United Stated for assuring the security of pharmaceuticals after an incident in 1937 where diethylene glycol was used as a solvent to treat streptococcal infections. The pharmaceutical company was not aware that diethylene glycol was malignant to humans, the result were the deaths of over a hundred people due to poisoning, after this incident the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act was passed that required safety testing on animals before they could be introduced to the public. The most compelling rationale for medical testing on animals is that the results from the tests conducted aid researchers in acquiring new drugs and treatments.A large amount Ã¢â¬Å"...of the drugs we currently use to prevent and treat serious conditions such as cancer, HIV and diabetes ae drugs that were
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Introduction The purpose of my essay is to compare and contrast the novel titled Fight Club, written by Chuck Palahniuk, and the story, dated back to the Victorian age, known as The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, written by Robert Louis Stevenson. I will compare these two works by evaluating how these two authors represent the theme of dual/split personalities within a specific character found in within each of their respective stories. Each author portrays the idea of dual personalities, and as you read my argument, you will encounter the similarities and differences in the way they described the characterÃ¢â¬â¢s appearance of their alter ego and the process of their transformation. I will also touch on how the author portrays eachÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦He created a monster story disguised as a detective story, which left the audience in awe at the climax in the story where they discover the truth. The way the author simulated the setting in the novella is very reminiscent o f how Palahniuk set up the climax in Fight Club. The audience is given the image of individual who has altered persona. Now this story does not follow Dr. Jekyll through his journey of creating his evil alter ego. Moreover he is not even the first initial character that we are introduced to in the novella; we are first introduced to a man named Mr. Utterson. He is actually the lawyer of Dr. Jekyll and he takes an interest in his newfound protÃ ©gÃ © who is referred to as Mr. Hyde. His negative feelings towards Mr. Hyde, beget a personal investigation into his life and his connection to Dr. Jekyll. Sadly he does not realize the truth behind the mystery of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde till the end of the novella, where he finally discovers the secret from reading Dr. JekyllÃ¢â¬â¢s last words written in a letter addressed to him after Dr. JekyllÃ¢â¬â¢s untimely death. Although the story is not from the point of view from Dr. Jekyll himself, I was still able to receive a good assertion of his mentality and reason behind the creation of Mr. Hyde. This luckily was all explained within the note that was addressed to Mr.Show MoreRelatedStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 PagesEthical Choice Can You Learn from Failure? 24 glOBalization! Does National Culture Affect Organizational Practices? 30 Point/Counterpoint Lost in Translation? 31 Questions for Review 32 Experiential Exercise Workforce Diversity 32 Ethical Dilemma Jekyll and Hyde 33 Case Incident 1 Ã¢â¬Å"Lessons for Ã¢â¬ËUndercoverÃ¢â¬â¢ BossesÃ¢â¬ 34 Case Incident 2 Era of the Disposable Worker? 35 vii viii CONTENTS 2 2 The Individual Diversity in Organizations 39 Diversity 40 Demographic Characteristics of theRead MoreManagement Course: MbaÃ¢Ëâ10 General Management215330 Words Ã |Ã 862 PagesÃ¯ ¬ rst was similar to crafts-style production, in which each worker was responsible for all of the 18 tasks involved in producing a pin. The other had each worker performing only 1 or a few of the 18 tasks that go into making a complete pin. In a comparison of the relative performance of these different ways of organizing production, Smith found that the performance of the factories in which workers specialized in only one or a few tasks was much greater than the performance of the factory in which
Just-in-time philosophy, focused on consistent quality improvement, propelled Toyota to become a leading global car manufacturer. However, its global expansion and limited number of experts relative to its global operations weakened this focus in North America. While Toyota remains a competitive automobile manufacturer, it experienced recurring periods of decline in its quality standing. We will write a custom essay sample on A Bumpy Road for Toyota or any similar topic only for you Order Now Now, it has to strengthen its JIT philosophy. ToyotaÃ¢â¬â¢s focus on quality is consistent with the just-in-time philosophy. JIT means eradicating or decreasing to the least possible level wastage in the production process. By doing so, the company can pursue a range of outcomes including decrease in inventory, cost reduction, error minimization, and high quality. Quality is an outcome of implementing JIT while the focus on quality is a path to implementing JIT. ToyotaÃ¢â¬â¢s achievement of a high quality standing during its peak periods is a testament to the focus on quality as a possible means of implementing JIT (Bozarth and Handfield 547). It is also possible to implement JIT without a strong quality focus. Reducing inventory, minimizing cost and eradicating error could also be paths in implementing JIT. However, these paths including quality are interrelated and reinforcing so that the focus on other paths still require the achievement of a certain level of quality especially in minimizing errors and reducing costs. The quality focus of Toyota worked because of its coordinators. These coordinators are mid-level managers in the manufacturing plants in Japan with decades of experience of the car companyÃ¢â¬â¢s JIT philosophy called Toyota Production System (TPS) (Bozarth and Handfield 546). These coordinators played a key role in promoting TPS to ToyotaÃ¢â¬â¢s employees because these oriented and trained the shop-floor managers and workers in the American manufacturing plant on ways of addressing actual issues emerging from the production line (547). This practical approach encouraged innovativeness and responsiveness to lower wastage. Coordinators are difficult to replicate because their deep knowledge emerged from decades of experience. Time to develop coordinators is a luxury given the current need of Toyota to expand and boost production to meet growing demand. Hajime Oba differentiated ToyotaÃ¢â¬â¢s TPS with the JIT strategy of the three automobile manufacturers in Detroit. He claimed that the JIT approach in Detroit is superficial since the intention was only to reduce inventory without really getting into the essence of JIT (Bozarth and Handfield 547). There is some truth to this. American car manufacturers operate more through textbook theories of efficiency, which implies using the least possible input in maximizing output, and with formality or impersonal management highlighting distinctions in task assignments, processes and systems. This necessarily leads to a different JIT approach relative to the Japanese perspective of JIT. The tenet Ã¢â¬Ëhaste makes wasteÃ¢â¬â¢ captures the situation in ToyotaÃ¢â¬â¢s Georgetown plant. In the 1990s, Toyota received recognition for high quality through automobile quality surveys (Bozarth and Handfield 547). Through the work of its coordinators, the Georgetown plant even received recognition as the second best in terms of the quality of cars manufactured in the plant (547). This propelled sales of Toyota cars in North America. The spike in demand pushed the plant to speed up production until it came to a point when quality suffered. With a limited number of coordinators for a large plant and language barriers, there was movement away from the TPS (547). In releasing the Camry, the company received many quality complaints from customers leading to the plummeting of its quality standing (548). Toyota is attempting to reassert the TPS in its Georgetown plant by recruiting a Japanese TPS expert to motivate middle managers to work the floor again. ToyotaÃ¢â¬â¢s quality focused TPS has worked and it still works. However, the automobile manufacturer needs to adjust implementation to consider its growth and expansion. Toyota needs to have sufficient coordinators and this time more American coordinators for the North American plant trained in its quality-based JIT philosophy. Work Cited Bozarth, Cecil, and Robert Handfield. Introduction to Operations and Supply ChainÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Management. 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2007. Ã How to cite A Bumpy Road for Toyota, Papers
Question: 1) Provide comprehensive, accurate, and relevant information on the three informatics groups selected. 2) Clearly state the impact the three groups you selected have had on informatics. Be sure to present compelling arguments. 3) Define ranking and provide reasoning for ranked choices. 4) Incorporate history and current position within informatics of the three groups. 5) This ranking will influence how you are grouped for the Collaborative Learning Community assignments in this course. Answer: Informatics The three informatics groups that have a high impact on informatics are the Nursing informatics, Physician informatics and the Pharmacy informatics. All of the three are prime important to informatics. The three of them are explained in detail below: Nursing informatics: This holds the first ranking in Informatics of health care. It is ranked first as it is multidisciplinary field that make use nursing sciences, computer science and information science so as to manage and converse datas, informations and knowledge of nursing. It is the first as it supports all the areas of consumers, patients, nurse and other staff in the decision making process (Haux, Reinhold, 2010). The support is granted by using information structures, information technology and process. The main areas of it is concept presentation and standards so as to support up the evidence based practices, research practices and education. They are the one which follow research methodologies to generate new knowledge in to the nursing patient care field. Physician Informatics: The physician informatics holds second rank in informatics field of health care. Physician informatics is one in which the information is used up by the clinicians for the health care purpose. This informatics is second most important as the informaticians transforms the health care in ways to analyze, design, implement and evaluate information and systems so as to enhance the individuals and populations health outcomes, providing greater care to patients, and to strength up the relation between patient and doctor( Richesson, Rachel L., and James E. Andrews, 2012). It is also known as clinician Informatics. In this type of informaticians use up the knowledge of patient and put tools of informatics to assess information and knowledge about health care, develop and implement the clinical process and to continually improve the health information system. In current state the health information tools are developing to promote the efficiency, timely and patient cente red care in a equitable manner. Pharmacy Informatics: The pharmacy informatics holds third rank in informatics field of health care. Pharmacy informatics is the science field that aims on medicine related information and knowledge that is in the health care system (Priest, Lisa, 2008). It includes its storage, analyzing, acquisition, usage, dissemination and in delivering the optimum medicine required for the patients health and providing him care. They emphasis on patients safety and care. There aim is to avoid any miscommunication between the patients and the clinician. They aim at reducing all the errors that occur during the medical treatments. It act as a liaison between pharmacy and other department like nursing, information technology, vendors and clinicians. They provide electronic records, electronic prescribing, dispensing cabinets, smart pumps, bar coding etc. Still a lot is done to remove any medical handling errors so as to secure patients health. There are many training programs been made for the clin icians to make better use of the technology. Health care informatics is a prime field meant to provide health care to the peoples. it is multidisciplinary field that make use of health information technology to provide health care. It involves information science, management science, social science, behavioral science and computer science (D Kalra; T. Beale; S. Heard, 2005). It is of prime importance as it is applied in the areas like alternative medicines, public health, dentistry, nursing, pharmacy, physical therapy etc so as to protect the people and their lives. It involves systems like electronic health records, health information exchange standards and portable medicine data collection device. It is for acquiring, storing, retrieving, and using up the health care information so as to provide better collaboration between the patients and the care providers. There are sub specialties in health care informatics like, clinical informatics, nursing informatics, pharmacy informatics, public health informatics, community informa tics, biomedical informatics and informatics for education and research in health and medicine. Al the fields in it are developing fast. The using up of health information in all the areas is helping professionals and providing support. It helps in searching information about health and helping every men and women to gather information even by sitting at home. A developing and emerging field in it is clinical informatics. In Clinical informatics the information is used up by the clinicians for the health care purpose. Clinica informaticians transforms the health care in ways to analyze, design, implement and evaluate information and systems so as to enhance the individuals and populations health outcomes, providing greater care to patients, and to strength up the relation between patient and doctor. The clinical informaticians use up the knowledge of patient and put tools of informatics to assess information and knowledge about health care, develop and implement the clinical process and to continually improve the health information system. In current state the health information tools are developing to promote the efficiency, timely and patient centered care in a equitable manner. The ABMS gives a physician certification to the clinical informatics by doing a program course (Greengard, Samuel, 2013). Currently it develops data sets that ha s electronic records and can be integrated with other genomic datas. For this purpose currently large warehouses are developed. In future clinical informatics will lead organizations to understand the risk and the cost profile and side by side ensuring best care for the patients. The future advantages in the field of oncology and in research informatics are to take place. Development of research educational model is to be developed by clinical informaticians in near future. It is also trying to develop separate patient portals so as to allow every individual to access his/her health status radiology reports and the radiology images easily. The challenges are the lack of information exchanges between the systems like in the field of oncology. It is also facing challenges to create multistep and multi methods for a wide number of patients. The challenge is also making a patient friendly and patient health improving reforms and methods. References D Kalra; T. Beale; S. Heard (2005).The openEHR Foundation.Studies in Health Technology and Informatics115. pp.153173. Greengard, Samuel (1 February 2013).Communications of the ACM56(2): 1719. Haux, Reinhold (2010). "Medical informatics: Past, present, future".international journal of medical informatics79: 599610. Priest, Lisa (2008-02-18). The Globe and Mail(Toronto). Richesson, Rachel L., and James E. Andrews. 2012.Clinical research informatics.London: Springer
Wednesday, April 29, 2020
The American Heritage dictionary defines language as being the Communication of thoughts and feelings through a system of arbitrary signals, such as voice sounds, gestures, or written symbols whereas the Random House Dictionary defines language as a body of words and the systems for their use common to a people who are of the same community or nation, the same geographical area, or the same cultural tradition. The SIX languages as discussed In Robert K. Lagans, The Sixth Language: Learning a Living In the Internet Age, are unrealistic, irrelevant In todays society, and simply a way of explaining how the world works.Who decides what language is? Once claims are made, how do we know which ones are right? Is language solely something that is spoken? In order to understand these questions more fully, twenty people were surveyed. The survey, ACCESS Language Survey 2009, was distributed to both males and females from ages ranging from thirteen to seventy-five who were from a variety of different cultures and locations including India, China, Pakistan, Canada, and the United States (for survey results see Appendix). We will write a custom essay sample on The Impact of the Six Languages in Today or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Research shows that the answers to these questions are very subjective. Results showed a wide variety in answers which proved the concept of there only being SIX languages unrealistic. Robert Logan describes languages as being generative meaning you can create others from them (Logan 2009). He states that, from a language, there are an infinite number of possible messages or meanings that we are capable of composing and communicating (Logan 2000). If languages are generative, then how, in this world today, is it possible to only have six?Consider sports for example. Sports are defined by the Random House Dictionary as an athletic activity requiring skill or physical prowess and often off competitive nature, as racing, baseball, tennis, golf, bowling, wrestling, boxing, hunting, fishing, etc. . From the category of sports, we have many sub categories Including football, soccer, tennis, hockey, etc Just Like from the category of speech we can create sub categories of English, French, Italian, Chinese, etc. Logan has stated that he doesnt think football Is generative (Logan 2009).Football Is generative because from that one sport we can create multiple versions: flag football, touch football, and tackle football. From each of these types of football we can create numerous strategies, styles, Although people differ in what they consider to be art, there is agreement that painting, sketching, sculpting, and building fall under tha t designation. Under the category of painting, for example, there can be oil painting, water colors, and more. From the survey ACCESS Language Survey 2009, there were two answers that most people agreed upon.The majority of the people surveyed considered speech and/or writing to be the only languages. Whereas the others considered language to be a mix of things including speech, writing, math and art. Notice how art is not considered one of the six languages but considered a language by random people. More formally, Logan defines language as a purely human and non-instinctive method of communicating ideas, emotions, and desires as well as of processing, storing, retrieving, and organizing information.. . From this definition, we are still able to see how activities such as football and art comply.For example, in the Sixth Language it is written that non-linguistic elements such as brush strokes make no sense because it does not offer any information processing. This is untrue because e do not know what every brush stroke on a painting means. It could be showing an emotion, it could be describing a personality or it could be telling a story- it is not Just a sunset or a landscape or a portrait. The languages described in the Sixth Language are therefore unrealistic, because if we go by Lagans definition of languages being generative, the sky is the limit.There is no end to the possibilities of what people today could consider a language. It is nonsensical because in no way will speech, writing, math, science, computing and the internet cover all of the languages or methods of communication out there. When we ask ourselves what languages are and where they came from, do people care? In todays society people are focused on the present and the future. There seems to be little demand for knowledge as to what has happened in the past. The six languages are proven to be irrelevant because people simply do not seem to care.What does it mean when the majority of people surveyed in the ACCESS Language Survey 2009 noted that they considered only speech and/or writing to be languages? When most people first think of language they think of speech and sometimes writing and that is it. It is hard to imagine a person going on the internet and saying Wow, what a great language- the same person who has Just uploaded new photographs on Backbone or that Just received a new e-mail from their friend in Africa.We are a very self-centered generation in that all we care about is that the internet is there and that our search engines, e-mail and other methods of communication are accessible. According to the language survey, languages and their origins proved to be virtually meaningless to the people surveyed. Although the survey proved that the definition of language is varying, there was, however, one answer almost every single person that was surveyed agreed on.When asked what comes to mind first when they think of language, eighty percent of people stated speech (fifteen percent chose writing and five percent was random). This further proves the point that many people do not believe or have never even considered possibilities such as the internet being a language. To expand on this topic, the majority of people stated that they rarely or have never thought of where languages ten (one being the most important and relevant), learning what languages are and where they came from was ranked most often as the least important activity.This proves the point that the six languages are irrelevant because people simply do not care about language as long as they are able to com municate, and perform every day activities such as go on the computer and talk on a cell phone. When people were asked what they considered to be languages, most often they answered with speech and writing. This goes to show that the creation of Robert Lagans six languages is irrelevant but an interesting and creative new way of looking at the world.When asked to describe language, linguistics student Carrie Lu summarized her reformers words defining language as being a system of communication and expression made up of words that follow a specific grammatical structure. Linguistics is defined as the science of language, yet linguistics students are taught that language is words- not art, not sports, not math. Here we find that even the language specialists have something different to say. People in linguistics use words to describe the world around them.Similarly, mathematicians use math equations to make sense of the world around them Just as scientists perform experiments in hope of understanding how something works. Long ago, the Vikings believed in many gods and goddesses- their favorite being Thro, the son of the chief god, Odin. Because the Vikings traveled mostly by sea, they dreaded storms the most. A horrendous storm meant the demons were very angry with the Vikings. However, when they heard thunder, they believed Thro, the god of thunder, was out battling the storm demons.After the storm and when the sky cleared, the Vikings took this to prove that Thro had indeed battled and had won. Similarly, we can consider the idea of global warming. By looking at trends over the past decades and by watching glaciers slowly let, we can see that the earth is getting steadily warmer. When people attempted to find out why the earth was heating up, they related it to the increase in greenhouse gas emissions which get trapped in the atmosphere, in turn, emit infrared radiation. While it seems most people agree on that, there is some dispute as to whether the gas emissions are the only factors that are contributing to the increase in temperatures. This suggests that the greenhouse effect is simply a way of explaining why we are experiencing global warming. In reality, no one has any idea if there are more variables to the equation. These methods of reasoning are similar to that of languages. The six languages along with the myths of thunder gods and storm demons and many others, are simply one way of explaining how the world around us works.Logan, like many others, has described what he feels are the six languages used in society. He has reasoned and collected evidence to back up his theories. What we can learn from the example of the Vikings and global warming is that no matter what, if you would like to believe or convince another of something, you can make up any kind of explanation necessary to make your idea sound probable Just as e have seen with the storm demons and the greenhouse gas emissions. In conclusion, the six languages are proven to be nonsensical through the inconsistency in peoples definition of language.No one really knows what language generative, the six languages discussed do not cover nearly everything that fits under that category. The six languages are insignificant in society today because people do not put much thought (if any) into what activities or notions are considered to be languages. Society seems to be becoming less focused on the past and more focused on modern day life which includes technology. For many people, as long as they are making a living and have access to the internet and phone, they are satisfied.Finally, the six languages are a way of explaining language- something we do not know all that much about. Appointing six types of languages to be the only languages in the world is simply a way of making sense of what we do, what we mean, and how we communicate. In the end, what everyone agrees on is that language is a method of communication. That is to say that is it not limited solely to the six languages of speech, writing, math, science, computing and the Internet.